Anemia is a disease of lack of red blood cell levels in the body. Though the function of red blood cells / RBC is very important for the body, which transports oxygen to all layers of the body. Reduced oxygen in certain parts of the body can cause the body to become tired quickly. Well, if tired already attacked, daily activities will be disrupted. At the end of the day, we become stressed.
Many women take it lightly in this anemia. In fact, it can affect many things. Starting from trivial, such as lazy activity to death. I focus more on women, because this disease affects women more often than men. Because now many women are working, in addition to taking care of the family. Research shows that women work harder than men. "Well, if you get anemia, then the productivity becomes reduced. Easily sick, get infections, easily tired, consequently can not socialize."
Research also shows, the number of people with anemia in elementary school age children is more female, especially once they start menstruating.
Anemia is also the leading cause of death of pregnant women during childbirth, due to bleeding. The death rate of pregnant women in Indonesia is the highest in ASEAN.
The doctor will ask the history of anemia in the family and the symptoms and medications taken. But doctors can not directly identify from the physical or symptoms experienced alone. Anemia is detected from a dilaboratorium blood test by knowing the complete blood count. Tests that determine whether cell production occurs normally in the spinal cord can detect as well.
If hemoglobin levels are less than 14 g/dl and erythrocytes are less than 41% in men, then the man is said to be anemic. Similarly in women, women who have hemoglobin levels less than 12 g/dl and erythrocytes less than 37%.
Before going into solving, we first see what the cause of anemia is. Let's look at the following:
Anemia is generally caused by severe bleeding, accident, surgery, labor, rupture of blood vessels, bleeding in the nose, hemorrhoids, cancer or polyps in the digestive tract, kidney or bladder tumors, and heavy menstrual bleeding or chronic bleeding.
Poor nutrition or impaired absorption of nutrients by the intestines can also cause a person to experience blood deficiency. Likewise in pregnant or lactating women, if iron intake is reduced, anemia is likely to occur.
Acute bleeding can also cause a lack of blood. At the time of severe bleeding, the symptoms of anemia may not yet be seen. Blood transfusion is the main treatment action in the event of acute bleeding. The bleeding is usually not noticed. Blood expenditure usually lasts little by little and for a long time.
There are 3 mechanism factors of the body that cause anemia:
1) Excessive destruction of red blood cells
This is called Hemolytic Anemia, caused due to infection or consumption of certain medications. So the immune system mistakenly considers red blood cells as foreign bodies that then destroy red blood cells.
2) Blood Loss
Red blood loss in large quantities can be affected by anemia also due to excessive bleeding when injured, such as during surgery. Or menstruation for women who are not balanced with the amount of iron in the body. Because iron is needed to make red blood cells.
3) Red blood cell production is insufficient
It's called Aplastic Anemia, caused by a viral infection or exposure to toxic chemicals such as radiation, antibiotics, anti-disease medications, or cancer treatments that result in the spinal cord being unable to make enough red blood cells. Or lack of iron, lack of vitamin B12, folic acid, and vitamin C.
As a result, the patient's body resistance is reduced. Sufferers will be easily exposed to infection. Easy cough-cold, easy flu, or easily exposed to respiratory infections, the heart also becomes easily tired, because it has to pump blood stronger, "explained Firman.
Symptoms of this anemia is pale skin (no need to use whitening cream again dong), accompanied by a decrease in pink color on the lips and fingertips. Usually, these changes occur slowly so that they are not realized by the sufferer. Other common signs such as irritability, fatigue, dizziness, and lightheadedness, as well as a fast heartbeat.
Special signs of anemia symptoms can be yellowing skin, the whites of the eyes pale to yellowing, enlarged spleen, and urine is dark red. Symptoms for children who are iron deficient can result in developmental delays and behavioral disorders, such as problems with social interaction, decreased motor activity, and attention to decreased tasks. Developmental problems can persist if iron deficiency is not addressed.
Prevention of Anemia
To avoid anemia, again I must remind to always maintain the health of the body to stay fit. Keep consuming cereals every day that usually contain iron, a balanced diet. Types of foods that contain a lot of iron are beef, egg yolks, green leafy vegetables, yellow vegetables and fruits, potato skins, tomatoes and raisins. Drinking coffee or the while eating can significantly lower the amount of iron absorbed. Also don't forget vitamin C,as it helps the body absorb iron.
Also Read: Foods and Fruits To Treat Anemia
If you have shown symptoms, you should go to the doctor immediately. Healing can be done based on the cause of anemia. Anemia occurs due to irondeficiency, the doctor will prescribe the drug in the form of droplets or tablets, and may also recommend foods rich in iron.
This disease also occurs due to irregular or heavy menstrual cycles, the doctor will give bleeding regulatorydrugs, folic acid and vitamin B12 supplements. As for chronic /severe anemia can be done red blood cell transfusion, removal of spleen or treatment with drugs, stimulating the bone marrow to make more blood cells.
Spinal cord transplantation will be considered for people with sickle cell anemia, thalassemia and aplastic anemia. Which means taking the donor's spinal cord and injecting it into the vein. Cells from the donor will flow through the bloodstream to the spinal cord, where the cells will begin to produce large red blood cells.
However, it should be noted, iron intake should not be excessive. You see, this element can actually interfere with health and damage the body's organs. With the adequacy of iron in the body, it can increase the body's resistance to infection and also maintain health.