On Saturday, Bollywood star Priyanka Chopra announced that she and husband Nick Jonas have had their first child. The world’s first celebrity couple’s first child was born from the method of surrogate mothers.
“We are very excited to confirm that we have welcomed the birth of a baby through a surrogate mother. We respectfully ask for privacy during this special time as we want to focus on our family. Thank you so much,” Priyanka wrote on Instagram.
Basically, the surrogacy method is a woman who becomes pregnant and gives birth to a baby to another woman who cannot do so. Generally, the ‘tenant’ of the surrogate mother’s womb will meet all needs including paying for the cost of care of the mother and fetus until delivery.
What is the Surrogate Mother Method?
From News18, surrogacy involves fertilizing a woman’s egg and a male partner’s sperm through a medical procedure to form an embryo. Then, the embryo will be implanted into the uterus of the surrogate mother, who is pregnant and gives birth to the baby.
The surrogate mother will give birth to the fetus and will then be fostered by the legal parent. Here are the types of surrogate mothers:
- Traditionally,this one surrogate mother method involves a surrogate mother’s egg that will get artificial insemination of a male partner’s sperm.
- Gestational,this method is similar to the IVF process, in which the egg will be fertilized by sperm before the embryo is placed into the surrogate mother’s uterus. In this method, the surrogate mother has no biological relationship with the child she is carrying because the egg and sperm come from the legal parent.
Can it be done in Indonesia?
This method is not as simple as just conceiving and giving birth. According to indonesian law, having children in this way is not allowed. This prohibition is contained in Article 16 of Law No. 23 of 1992 on Health and Decree of the Minister of Health No. 72 / Menkes / Per / II / 1999 related to the Implementation of Artificial Reproductive Technology.
Both regulations mean that this practice is prohibited in Indonesia. This is reinforced by the existence of legal sanctions that can be imposed on those who do so, Article 82 of Law No. 23 of 1992 on Health.