The menstrual cycle is the detached cycle of the uterine wall (endometrial) accompanied by bleeding where this process occurs once every month unless the woman is pregnant.
Menstruation generally occurs in children who are 11 years old until menopause (around the age of 45 – 55 years). In general menstruation lasts for 3 – 7 days.
Each woman has a different menstrual cycle. It is confirmed that about 90% of women have a cycle of 25-35 days and as many as 10-15% of women have a 28-day long menstrual cycle. But there are also women who have irregular menstrual cycles. If the menstrual cycle is notsmooth, then there are indications the woman is experiencing fertility problems.
How to calculate how long a woman’s menstrual cycle is calculated from the first day of the menstrual cycle to the last day. The first day is the day that the bleeding begins to occur, while the last day of menstruation is 1 day before the onsling of menstrual bleeding the following month.
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Every woman every month experiences a menstrual cycle. In the menstrual cycle, there are 4 phases namely the normal menstrual phase, the preovulation phase, the ovulation phase, and the postovulation phase.
Normal Menstrual Phase
In the menstrual phase of the uterine wall of the body decays and exits accompanied by the blood coming out. This is due to a decrease in estrogen hormone levels that play a role in the onsanion of menstruation. The menstrual phase lasts from the first day to the seventh day.
In the preovulation phase there is maturation of the egg (ovum) in the ovaries (ovaries) after previously occurring the formation of eggs where this occurs due to increased estrogen levels in the body. The preovulation phase generally lasts from the 7th day to the 13th day.
The ovulation phase is also called fertile period because in this phase the egg is ready to be fertilized and ripe. If the woman wants to get pregnant, then in this phase is the right time to have sex because it is most likely that the egg can be fertilized sperm cells. How to find out when a woman’s fertile period can be known through various ways such as: observing the changing menstrual period, cervical mucus that also changes, and basal temperature of the body that changes.
The post-ovulation phase is a period of decline of the egg (ovum) when it is not fertilized by sperm or commonly referred to as fertilization. Fertilization is the event of the meeting of sperm cells and eggs so that zygotes form. In this phase, there is an increase in the formation of progesterone which results in the wall of the uterus or endometrial thickening and ready to accept the baby or embryo in order to develop in it.
Progesterone is a hormone that affects the menstrual cycle while the endometrial is the deepest layer of the uterus and the place where fertilized eggs are attached. If the fertilization process does not occur, there will be a repetition of sex hormones in the body as well as the recurrence of the menstrual phase.
Knowing the menstrual cycle is a must as it is directly related to health. In the event of abnormalities in your menstrual cycle then consult an obstetrician immediately as there is likely to be abnormalities in your reproductive organs. Especially when menstruation arrives, you experience tremendous menstrual pain. It is recommended that you do not use menstrual reseating drugs indiscriminately as they may affect your reproductive organs. Use herbal remedies to launch menstruation or consult your doctor first.