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Jigsaw Learning Model and Its Steps

jigsaw

The jigsaw learning model is a teaching strategy that has a number of benefits, including the ability to prevent and reduce conflict issues brought on by racial, ethnic, and religious differences among students, as well as learning improvements, an increase in student motivation, and increased student comfort with the teaching methodology.

Steps in the Jigsaw Learning Model

  1. According to Elliott Aronson (2008), there are 10 simple steps in a jigsaw, including:
  • dividing a class of five or six pupils into a variety of jigsaw puzzles.
  • One student should be designated as the group’s leader.
  • Create five or six segments for the lecture.
  • Each group member absorbs a portion of the lecture.
  • Give the pupil enough time to read the section of the supplied material.
  • The jigsaw group students engage a discussion with subject matter experts who are studying the same curriculum.
  • Return to the puzzle group
  • The student makes the learned portion available to his class.
  • In front of the class, the jigsaw group presented the outcomes of the group discussion.
  • Students are given questions to answer regarding the subject matter at the conclusion of the activity.
  1. Jigsaw learning entails the following processes, according to Trianto (2010: 73):
  • The pupils are split up into groups (each group consists of 5-6 people).
  • Students are provided the subject content in the form of books that have been broken up into smaller chapters.
  • Each group member is responsible for reading and studying the allocated sub-chapter. After returning to his group, each skilled member is in responsible of instructing his peers.
  • The same sub-chapter has been examined by members of other groups, who gather in specialized groups to discuss.
  • Students who participate in group discussions and home meetings are charged for individual tests.
  • Expert discussion groups are formed from individuals from various organizations that have studied the same subject.
  1. Jigsaw learning is a form of cooperative learning that, in accordance with Isjoni (2009: 77), encourages students to be active and assist one another in acquiring the subject matter in order to attain maximum accomplishment. In this activity, teachers’ participation in the teaching and learning process is reduced in that they take on a more central role in classroom activities. Teachers play the role of facilitators, encouraging and directing pupils to study on their own and developing a sense of accountability.

The steps in the jigsaw learning approach, specifically:

  • There are 4-6 students gathering in one group.
  • A project was given to each group to complete.
  • Each group’s members who share a task come together to form a new group, which they then join as members with the designated responsibilities.
  • If each of these representatives is able to grasp the material given to them, they will individually rejoin their respective groups or the original group.
  • A test is given to students to determine whether they can comprehend the topic.

Hence, a description of the jigsaw learning model’s steps. I hope it makes sense and can be helpful.

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