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The Sahara Desert Crosses Ten Countries

The Sahara Desert Crosses Ten Countries

The Sahara Desert is a Google hot topic. A Google Maps post on TikTok about the Sahara Desert includes a map and a picture of an unidentified man. Unfortunately, the upload’s purpose has not yet been made clear.

After the icy deserts of Antarctica and the Arctic, the Sahara is the largest hot desert in the planet and the third largest overall. One of the worst climates on Earth is this desert. Its territory is 9.4 million square kilometers (3.6 million square miles), or roughly a third of the African Continent. This is the size of the United States, including Alaska and Hawaii.

The name Sahara itself is derived from the Arabic word for desert, “ahra.” The Mediterranean Sea, the Sahel Savannah, the Atlantic Ocean, and the Red Sea all encircle this desert (east).

CONCERNING THE SAHARA DESERT

Ten nations—Algeria, Chad, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Egypt, Niger, Sudan, and Tunisia—combine to make up the Sahara Desert. Although this desert has geographical features, the most well-known is the one that is frequently depicted in films.

This desert’s sand dunes can rise to approximately 183 meters in height and take up 25% of the total area. Emi Koussi, an extinct Chad fiery desert, stands at 22,204 feet or 3,415 meters above sea level and is the highest peak in the Sahara.

While its lowest point, the Qattara Depression in northwest Egypt, is 436 feet or 133 meters below sea level.

The Sahara Desert has two perennial rivers, the Niger and Nile Rivers, despite the fact that water supplies are extremely sparse. Additionally, the primary water source for more than 90 oases spread throughout the area is provided by 20 seasonal lakes and aquifers. Numerous species of flora and fauna exist here despite the hard and desert environment.

In this area, there are at least 500 different plant species, 70 different mammal species, 90 different bird species, 100 different reptile species, and numerous spider, arthropod, and scorpion species. In the Sahara Desert, camels evolved into one of the most recognizable creatures.

Due of its resilience in dry and hot conditions, this animal is also known as a desert ship. His rear hump has the capacity to store fat that can be used as energy and hydration in between meals. As a result, they may go longer than a week without water and even several months without food.

While the local plant species are already used to the arid climate. Deep in the soil, plant roots might search for water sources. The leaves, on the other hand, have thorns that are excellent for reducing moisture loss. Isn’t that interesting?

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