Mikhail Gorbachev was the 8th president of the USSR as well as the last. He became the leader of the country in 1985-1991. It is known, Mikhail Gorbachev passed away at the age of 91 on Tuesday 30 August 2022.
Under his leadership, one of the countries with the greatest communist ideology collapsed after a number of territories broke away. Gorbachev’s leadership also marked the times of the collapse of the Soviet Union.
MIKHAIL GORBACHEV THE ORIGINATOR OF THE POLICY OF PERESTROIKA AND GLASNOST
When the late Gorbachev served as President in the 1980s, he sparked two crucial policies called Perestroika and Glasnost.
Perestroika means a change or reform to support the modernization of the economy as well as the society in the country.
“Obviously comrade. We have to change, all of us,” Gorbachev said in a speech in early 1986.
Meanwhile, Perestroika was rebuilding the Soviet Union which at that time suffered setbacks, especially in the economy.
He also provided free speech through Glasnost’s policies. In the policy, there is no longer a ban on its citizens from criticizing the country and the Russian Communist Party.
Glasnost became the end of censorship and blocking on the media including foreign media in the Soviets. Mikhail Gorbachev also decided that Eastern European countries could be free from the rules of his country.
Gorbachev’s policies were also welcomed by the Soviet and Western people. However, his policy also received condemnation from various circles in his country who wanted the old Soviet policies to continue to be carried out.
He was even accused of being the cause of the destruction of the Soviet Union which was once a giant state of the world.
Even so, the leadership of Mikhail Gorbachev was instrumental in ending the Cold War between the United States and the Soviets.
Instead of holding the status quo in order to continue the Cold War, Gorbachev pursued a peaceful path with the Western side. He even further strengthened relations with some leaders of Western countries. Such as the then Chancellor of Germany, Helmut Kohl and the President of the United States Ronald Reagan.
But the more he tried to make the Soviets open during his leadership from 1985-1991, his position became more cornered. It was the Communist Party official, Boris Yeltsin, who dismissed him from the presidency.
Mikhail Gorbachev’s name seemed to be forgotten when the Soviet Union collapsed and changed to the Russian Federative Republic in 1991.