The China-Taiwan conflict attracted attention after Beijing conducted military exercises near Taiwanese waters on Thursday (4/8/2022).
The military exercise began at 12:00 p.m. local time and involved a ‘conventional missile attack’ in Taiwan’s eastern waters.
In the exercise, China deployed Dongfeng missiles, warships and fighter jets. China itself considers Taiwan to be part of its country’s sovereignty, but Taiwan does not recognize China’s claims.
Meanwhile, the conflict between China and Taiwan itself has been going on for a long time.
HISTORY OF THE CHINA-TAIWAN CONFLICT
According to Britannica’s report, Taiwan has been part of China since the seventh century. However, after China lost the Sino-Japanese War in 1895, Japan briefly controlled Taiwan.
However, Taiwan was again captured by China after Japan lost World War II.
Launching the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), the leaders of the United States, Britain and China agreed on the Cairo Declaration on December 1, 1943. The declaration said the three parties acknowledged that “all Japanese-controlled territories from China, such as Taiwan, Manchuria and the Penghu Islands should be returned to China.”
But at the same time, two mercury political parties are fighting for power over China. The two parties are the Kuomintang Nationalists (KMT) and the Chinese Communist Party (CCP).
Both parties were involved in a civil war during World War II. The US, which is a supporter of the KMT, had attempted to mediate the conflict between the two parties in 1945. However, the two often clashed and violated the truce. That then forced the US to abandon peace efforts between the two parties.
The KMT and the CCP continued to conflict until the CCP leader, Mao Zedong, declared the formation of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) in Beijing on October 1, 1949.
This victory also forced the KMT leader, Chiang Kai-Shek, to go to Taiwan. The KMT then announced Taipei as the capital of the Republic of China (ROC).
From 1949 until the Cold War, Taiwan had received international recognition as an ROC, especially when the US issued an anti-communist campaign.
But, in 1971 the PRC got enough votes in the United Nations (UN) General Assembly. This also made the ROC have to be disbanded and recognized the PRC as China’s representative in the organization.
Not only that, the US then switched to recognizing the CCP government and supporting the One China policy. Although they still maintain relations with Taiwan through the Taiwan Relations Act (TRA).
Since then, the China-Taiwan conflict has continued to improve in the 1990s. However, relations between the two warmed up again after the Progressive Democratic Party figure, Chen Shui Bian, was elected president of Taiwan in 2002.
Chen is known for his support for sovereignty as well as the formal recognition of Taiwan’s independence as a state. This value is certainly at odds with Beijing, which considers Taiwan to be its sovereign territory.
That is the history of the China and Taiwan conflict, hopefully it will be useful.