The History of Xinjiang, Home to Uyghur Muslims Visited by China’s President

The History of Xinjiang, Home to Uyghur Muslims Visited by China's President

Want to know the history of Xinjiang where ethnic Uighurs live? Check out the description below!

Recently President Xi Jinping visited the Xinjiang autonomous region in northwestern China. The region is home to millions of Uyghur Muslim ethnic minorities.

Xi Jinping’s visit was in the spotlight because it was the first time he had done it in eight years. In addition, the visit to Xinjiang was also made while China was still under fire for alleged human rights violations against ethnic Uighurs.

About 12 million mostly Muslim Uighurs live in Xinjiang. In stature and culture, this ethnicity is different from the majority of Han Chinese tribes. The Uighurs have their own language that sounds similar to Turkish.

They also consider closer ethnically as well as culturally to Central Asian countries such as Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Turmenistan and Kyrgyzstan. Most of them are Sunni Muslims.

In recent years, there has been a massive migration of Han Chinese tribes to Xinjiang. Allegedly, this was deliberately done by the Chinese government to reduce the Uighur population in the region.

China has also been accused of targeting Islamic religious figures and banning religious practices there, until mosques and tombs are destroyed.

Read More : The History of the China-Taiwan Conflict That Is Now Warming Up Again

Uighur rights observers say they fear the culture of their community is in danger of china’s eradication.

So, what is the history of Xinjiang, which is now an ethnic Uighur region?


According to The Diplomat, the history of Xinjiang as a place for uighurs began when the Uyghur Kingdom was destroyed around 840 AD. The group then fled to the Tarim Basin in Xinjiang.

This ethnicity itself comes from the ancient Teli tribe. They occupied the valleys of the Selenga and Orkhon Rivers, then moved north of the Tura River.

In 744, the Uighurs established khan’s rule in Mobei. They had sent troops for the Tang Dynasty twice. The troops were sent to fight the rebellion of An Lushan-Shi Siming.

Even so, the Uyghur Khan government later resigned in 840 due to natural disasters, internal conflicts and attacks from the ono Jiegasi sukuk.

As reported by the official website of the Chinese government, most of the Uighur community then migrated to the western part of China.

Others moved to jimsar and turpan regions. There, they built a kingdom called the Uighur Gaochang. Another group moved to Central Asia and then spread to Kashi and joined Karluk and Yagma to establish the Karahan Kingdom.

After this split, the Tarim Basin and surrounding areas were occupied by the Uighur Kingdom of Gaochan and the Kingdom of Karahan.

Local people then mingled with the Uighurs who moved to the West, which after that became the basis for the formation of ethnic Uighurs.

In 1124, Xinjiang’s rule was taken up by members of the Liao Dynasty (916-1125) government who led its vassals, the Khitans.

At the beginning of the 13th century, the Mongol leader Genghis Khan went on an expedition with his troops to Xinjiang. He was then given territory that he managed to control. From there, ethnic Uighurs became part of China. That’s the information about xinjiang history, hopefully it adds insight.

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