Singapore is famous for its many street food centres. It is known as Hawker or known as Hawker Center. This place is a kind of food centers that spread in a number of locations in Singapore with a variety of street food from various countries ranging from heavy meals to snacks or desserts. Hawker Center is certainly perfect for someone who likes to travel the world only for culinary food or food travellers.
After almost two years of fighting, Singapore is getting some good news. UNESCO recognized hawker culture or dining culture at hawker center, a street food center in Singapore as An Intangible World Heritage, Wednesday (12/16/2020). This determination is based on its cultural value. In addition, the requirements proposed by Singapore have met all the criteria so that in its determination there is no debate.
Please note that every year, UNESCO updates the cultural heritage list of every country in the world. If there is something that is deemed worthy to be protected and recognized by the world, it will receive recognition from UNESCO. This is what hawker street food culture has to experience.
This Hawker culture became the first item of Singapore to be included in UNESCO's List of Intangible Cultural Heritage. Prior to recognition in 2020, in 2015, Singapore had submitted Hawker culture to UNESCO for recognition. That year, the culture was not successful, as it coincided with the establishment of the Singapore Botanic Gardens as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
Hawker Center Singapore's hawker culture is facing a challenge where the average age of traders there is around 60 years. While young people prefer to be office workers rather than work in the kitchen. Especially during the Covid-19 pandemic where this condition stopped the wave of tourists who usually come to Hawker to taste their food. This caused the Hawker Center to be deserted due to a several-month ban on eating out.
With this recognition, Singapore has an obligation to continue to report once every six years to UNESCO in an effort to protect and promote the dining culture at hawker centres in Singapore.
History of Hawker
The beginning of the Hawker concept has been around since the mid-1800s. At that time, there were many merchants who sold street food on the side of the road. So popular, street food vendors become a favorite profession of many people, especially those who are just starting work.
Hawker or street food centres spread across a number of locations in Singapore were originally set up to house former street vendors in an attempt to organize the island in the 1970s. In that year, there was a group of street food vendors in several areas such as Orchard Road and Chinatown. The merchant offers many menus such as laksa and satay at a fairly cheap price.
The Singapore government itself only started registering and placing street food vendors from 1968 to 1986. They put the traders into a special place that has adequate facilities to peddle street vendors. Currently, there are more than 110 Hawker Centers spread throughout Singapore. Even reportedly until 2027, the Singapore government will develop 127 new Hawkers.
Types of street food
As a street food center, Hawker is a place to taste street food from different countries. Here, you will find a variety of multicultural foods such as Malaysian, Indian, Chinese, Thai, Korean, Indonesian and other foods from other countries. In addition, you will also find various types of drinks and desserts as desserts after eating heavy meals.
Some popular food menus in Hawker such as chicken rice, nasi lemak, laksa, hokkien me, carrot cake, to char kway teow. Here, visitors especially from Indonesia can find fried rice, satay, and other Indonesian foods. The number of food menus in this place is certainly sold at an affordable price. This is what makes Hawker always crowded with visitors. Although the price is affordable, but the quality of the taste has been recognized deliciousness.
So that's the information about the recognition of Hawker culture, eating at a street food center in Singapore by UNESCO as an Intangible World Heritage Man. Well, if you are on holiday in Singapore, don't forget to visit this food center because it is guaranteed that you will be satisfied with the various menus served.
However, today the world is still in the Covid-19 pandemic where it is very vulnerable to go outdoors, even go abroad. You can still visit the Hawker Center in Singapore after the Covid-19 pandemic has been properly addressed.